OA Option 3? Hybrid OA Journals

Hybrid open access is similar to gold OA, but different! Under the hybrid OA model, publishers, upon payment of an Article Processing Charge (APC), will grant immediate open access to individual articles that appear in otherwise traditional subscription-based journals.  Most of the big journal publishers have now adopted a version of this model, e.g., OxfordOpen, WileyOnlineOpen, etc. (See this table for a complete list of publishers offering paid OA options.)

For recent examples of forced migration-related articles published under the hybrid OA model, browse through the bimonthly Open Access Round-up posts on my other blog.

The hybrid OA arrangement offers authors the twofold benefit of continuing to publish in their journal of choice and having open access provided to their research articles immediately, rather than waiting for an embargo period to pass. Typically, however, the APCs for hybrid OA journals are significantly higher than those levied by pure OA journals. As a result, some funders/employers do not cover hybrid OA publication fees.

Despite the higher APCs, a recent study noted an uptick in hybrid OA since 2014. His conclusion was this was a response in part to the introduction of new payment arrangements for APCs set up by various research funders in Europe.

Still, the number of authors choosing the hybrid option in forced migration-specific journals is still relatively low. Here, for example, is the count for OUP's three refugee titles:

1) Journal of Refugee Studies (as of 2005 when the hybrid option was first offered) = 5 articles (in 2006, 200820162017 and 2018)
2) Refugee Survey Quarterly (hybrid option started sometime in 2013) = 4 articles (in 201420162017 and 2018)
3) International Journal of Refugee Law (hybrid option started sometime in 2013) = 2 articles (in Sept. 2017 and Oct. 2017)

The tallies for other journals that forced migration authors often publish in are not very different, with one exception (based on manual review of issues published 2010-2017):

1) Disasters (Wiley) = 3 (first was in 2014)
2) European Journal of Migration & Law (Brill) = 5 (first was in 2014)
3) Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies (Taylor & Francis) = 3 (first was in 2016)
4) International Migration (Wiley) = 6 (first was published in 2014)
5) International Migration Review (Wiley) = 2 (first was published in 2014)
6) Journal of Ethnic & Migration Studies (Taylor & Francis) = 39 (first was in 2010; uptick began in 2015)

These figures will undoubtedly change as publishers continue to adjust their pricing terms and as more funders/employers adopt open access mandates and offer grants to cover publication fees. In the meantime, here is a table with further details about the hybrid options offered by forced migration-related journals.